WHAT’S IN THE NEWS?
The much-anticipated second and final draft of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) was published on Monday with 2.9 crore names out of the total 3.29 crore applicants in Assam, Registrar General of India Sailesh said here.
The names of 40.07 lakh applicants did not find a place in the historic document, touted to be a proof of Assamese identity.
The first draft of the NRC was published during the intervening night of December 31 and January 1 this year, containing 1.9 crore names.
Talking about people whose names did not appear in the final draft, Sailesh said, “The process for making claims and objections will begin on August 30 and continue till September 28. Adequate and ample scope will be given to people for making objections. No genuine Indian citizen should have any fear.”
The application process for the NRC started in May 2015 and a total of 6.5 crore documents were received from 68.27 lakh families across Assam, he added. PTI
What is NRC?
The NRC (National Register of Citizens) is a list that contains the names of Indian citizens of Assam. This list aims at including the names of all Indian citizens who have been residing in Assam before March 25, 1971.
The NRC was prepared in 1951 after the Census of 1951. Assam is the only State with an NRC. Those who wanted their names in the final list of the NRC had to furnish proof of existence of their name in the legacy data. The descendants and applicants born after 1971 were asked to submit documents pertaining to an ancestor.
The NRC updating process began in 2015, following a Supreme Court directive to the government to keep up with the Assam Accord of 1985. One of the key clauses of the accord stated that all immigrants who had entered Assam on or after March 25, 1971 were to be identified and deported. This is seen as an attempt to eliminate illegal immigration from our neighbouring regions. However, it has also resulted in fear and anxiety among people, as those excluded from the list will be considered foreigners or immigrants.
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