The bill puts several restrictions on transfer of technology to China, Russia and requires tighter screening of scholars seeking visas to the United States.
The U.S. Senate on Thursday passed a $750-billion defense policy bill with provisions that target China on issues from technology transfers to the sale of synthetic opioids, pushing to counter growing Chinese influence around the world.
The 973-page National Defense Authorization Act, was passed by an 86-8 vote.
However, in an unusual procedural move, the Senate will have a separate vote on Friday on an amendment that would ban Republican President Donald Trump from attacking Iran without first obtaining congressional approval.
Despite growing tensions with Iran, the amendment is not expected to get the 60 votes needed to pass the Republican-controlled Senate.
Among other provisions, the NDAA requires detailed reporting from the Department of Defense to prevent transfers of sensitive technology to China or Russia, as well as reports on access to the Arctic. It also requires tighter screening of scholars seeking visas to the United States.
The Senate’s passage of the NDAA comes as Mr. Trump prepares for a high-stakes meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping in Osaka, Japan, on Saturday on the sidelines of the Group of 20 summit. Many hope that the meeting will help end a months-long trade war between the world’s top two economies.
In Beijing on Friday, Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang expressed anger at the bill, saying that the government had already made a protest to the United States about it.
“Once the bill becomes law, it will harm Sino-U.S. relations, and interfere with, and damage, cooperation in some important areas,” Mr. Geng said.
China urges the United States to objectively view its development and not allow any of the “negative China-related” content to become law, he added.
The NDAA is still several steps from becoming a law. The Senate version must be reconciled with a version expected to come up for a vote next month in the Democratic-controlled House of Representatives. That compromise version, expected later this year, must pass both the Senate and House, and be signed into law by Mr. Trump.
The Senate NDAA also includes an amendment to bar federal funds from going to Chinese state-owned companies such as China Railway Rolling Stock Corporation, the world’s largest maker of passenger trains.
CRRC said in a statement that U.S. lawmakers should “pause and review the facts regarding cybersecurity and competitive pricing in the passenger railcar market before making any decisions that will invariably and significantly impact U.S. transit agencies’ ability to modernize their fleets.”
One of the few pieces of major legislation passed every year, the NDAA becomes a vehicle for a broad range of policy measures, as well as determining everything from military pay levels to which ships or aircraft will be modernized, purchased or discontinued.
The Senate NDAA also contains an amendment to strengthen sanctions against North Korea, imposing secondary sanctions on financial institutions that do business with Pyongyang in violation of existing sanctions.
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